Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are a common condition that affects people of all ages, including children. In this blog, we will discuss what piles are, the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for children.
What are Piles?
Piles are swollen veins in the rectum and anus that can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding. The veins in the rectum and anus can become swollen due to increased pressure on the area, which can occur as a result of straining during bowel movements, pregnancy, obesity, and sitting for long periods of time.
Causes of Piles in Children
The causes of piles in children are similar to those in adults. The most common cause of piles in children is chronic constipation, which can result from a lack of fiber in the diet, inadequate fluid intake, or a sedentary lifestyle. Other causes of piles in children include diarrhea, obesity, and pregnancy (in adolescent girls).
Symptoms of Piles in Children
The symptoms of piles in children can vary depending on the severity of the condition. The most common symptoms of piles in children include:
- Pain or discomfort in the rectum or anus
- Bleeding during bowel movements
- Itching or irritation in the anal area
- Swelling or lump around the anus
- Mucus discharge from the anus
Treatment Options for Piles in Children
The treatment options for piles in children depend on the severity of the condition. In mild cases, piles can be treated with simple lifestyle changes, including:
1. Dietary changes: Children with piles should eat a diet rich in fiber and drink plenty of water to prevent constipation.
2. Physical activity: Encouraging children to engage in physical activity can help prevent constipation and reduce the risk of developing piles.
3. Good toilet habits: Children should be taught to avoid straining during bowel movements and to use the toilet as soon as they feel the urge to go.
In more severe cases, piles may require medical treatment. The following medical treatments may be recommended for children with piles:
1. Medications: Over-the-counter medications, such as creams and ointments, can help relieve pain and reduce swelling.
2. Rubber band ligation: This procedure involves placing a rubber band around the base of the pile to cut off its blood supply, causing it to fall off.
3. Sclerotherapy: This involves injecting a chemical solution into the base of the pile to shrink it.
4. Surgery: In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the piles.
Preventing Piles in Children
Preventing piles in children involves making lifestyle changes to promote bowel regularity and prevent constipation. The following lifestyle changes can help prevent piles in children:
1. Encourage physical activity: Encouraging children to engage in physical activity can help prevent constipation and reduce the risk of developing piles.
2. Ensure an adequate fiber intake: Children should eat a diet rich in fiber to promote regular bowel movements.
3. Drink plenty of water: Drinking plenty of water can help prevent constipation and reduce the risk of developing piles.
4. Teach good toilet habits: Children should be taught to avoid straining during bowel movements and to use the toilet as soon as they feel the urge to go.
Piles are a common condition that can affect children of all ages. The most common cause of piles in children is chronic constipation, which can be prevented with simple lifestyle changes, including dietary changes,
Dr Sambit Patnaik is a minimal invasive, laser and robotic colorectal surgeon trained in India and abroad who runs Mumbai Piles Laser Clinic located at Chembur , Kurla, Tardeo and Charni Road for laser treatment of piles hemorrhoids anal fissure and anal fistula. Dr Sambit Patnaik practises in Dubai and Mumbai. He is also attached to many premier hospitals in Mumbai